3 tips for grouper fishing

“Grouper” is a common name for several popular fish species. Although groupers may not belong to the same genus with their scientific names, they all belong to the sea bass family, Serranidae. While the colors vary greatly with the relatively oversized mouth, grouper fishing is somewhat similar to largemouth bass fishing.

In some ways, grouper fishing is similar to largemouth bass fishing. In general, these types of fish are related to structure. Anglers who fish grouper look for rocks, reefs, stakes, wrecks and the like. They prefer to be near the bottom, and while many groupers can be found in any of these areas, a grouper is more of a loner than a schooling fish. To catch them, you need to master your grouper fishing tips.

1. Choose the right grouper rig

A standard grouper usually includes grouper baits such as crabs, octopus, shrimp, or fish, which vary depending on the size of the target fish species. Anything that fits in that big mouth is a fair game as a grouper. For example, Red Grouper can only reach 28 inches, but a Broomtail or Black Grouper can reach 4 feet and weigh over 100 pounds. And then there’s the aptly named Goliath grouper, which can grow to be over 7 feet long and weigh over 600 pounds! I’ve seen fishing shows where anglers share tips on grouper fishing using whole, live stingrays as bait, and seen a video of a large animal inhaling a 3 foot shark that an angler was trying to overtake near his boat.

2. Find the best bait for grouper

Grouper fishing can also be done with bait. The best baits for grouper fishing are heavy as a standard large jig with a soft plastic tag or jigging spoon that quickly falls to the bottom. As with bass fishing, bouncing off the bottom or jigging can trigger a reaction bite. They are also caught by tow bars or spinners.

3. Don’t be afraid to oversize your device

When you fish in the sea, you just never know what’s pulling the end of your line. Groupers aren’t the toughest fighting fish, but if you oversize your grouper tackle and bait, some species can grow to incredible sizes and put you and your line to the test. Saltwater fishing licenses and regulations vary in the wide variety of grouper species. So be prepared and enjoy the catch!

Andy Whitcomb

Andy is an outdoor writer ( and stressed out dad has contributed over 380 blogs to since 2011. Born in Florida but raised on the banks of farm ponds in Oklahoma, he now hunts pike, small bass and steelhead in Pennsylvania. After receiving his Bachelor of Science degree in zoology from OSU, he worked in fish hatcheries and as a fishery research technician at OSU, in the US state of Iowa and in the US state of Michigan.


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